Flash report

بلاد الحليب والمال : تورط سوق منتجات الألبان في الاحتلال الاسرائيلي

يُقدّم هذا التّقرير الموجز تحليلًا اقتصاديًّا وسياسيًّا مُعمَّقًا لسوق منتجات الألبان الإسرائيليّة، ويشدّ انتباه القارئ نحو تورّط شركات إسرائيليّة عينيّة في اقتصاد الاحتلال. عدا عن تورّط كلّ شركة مبيّنة في ما يلي على حدة، فإنّ جميع الشّركات تجني الأرباح بواسطة استغلال السّوق الفلسطينيّة الأسيرة واستخدامها كمصدر دخل أساسيّ. يتّخذ هذا التّقرير من سوق الألبان الإسرائيليّة مثالًا ليفسّر بالتّفصيل تأثير هذا الخنق الاقتصاديّ على السّوق الفلسطينيّة. ويُقدّم التّقرير أيضًا شركة "تنوفا"، وهي إحدى أكبر الشّركات في صناعة الألبان والأغذية الإسرائيليّة، كمثال فرديّ. من خلال أبحاث أجراها مركز "من يربح" في مكاتبه وفي الميدان، فقد حصل على أدلّة مُقنعة على أنّ "تنوفا" تستخدم في منتجات ألبانها موادّ خامًا من مزارع ألبان تقع في المستوطنات الإسرائيليّة في الضّفّة الغربيّة المُحتلّة (شاهدوا أشرطة الفيديو أدناه). تقوم "تنوفا" بهذه النّشاطات على الرّغم من الحظر الذي صدر مؤخّرًا عن الاتّحاد الأوروبّي - الذي أُعلن عنه في شباط 2014 (رابط خارجي)، والذي بدأ تنفيذه ابتداءً من كانون الثّاني 2015 - على منتجات حيوانيّة مصدرها من المستوطنات الإسرائيليّة.

The Land of Milk and Money: The Israeli Dairy Industry and the Occupation

This flash report presents an in depth economic and political analysis of the Israeli dairy market while drawing special attention to the complicity of specific Israeli corporations in the economy of occupation. Aside from the outlined involvement of each corporation below, all corporations mentioned in this report reap profits by exploiting the Palestinian captive market and using it as a major source of income. By taking the Israeli dairy market as an example, this report explains in detail the effects of this economic strangulation of the Palestinian market. Tnuva, one of the biggest corporations in the Israeli dairy and food industry, is presented in this report as an important case study. Through WhoProfits desk and field research, compelling proof  was obtained that Tnuva uses raw material for its dairy products from Israeli settlement's dairy farms in the Occupied West Bank (See videos below). Tnuva's corporate activity is taking place despite of the recent EU ban on animal products from Israeli settlements, which was declared in February 2014 and became enforceable as of January 2015. 

This Report is also available in Arabic.

Mekorot’s involvement in the Israeli occupation

Mekorot is the national water company of Israel, which supplies 90% of Israel’s drinking water and provides 80% of its water supplies. The company is state-owned.

Mekorot not only operates within Israel’s internationally recognized pre-1967 borders (i.e. within the Green Line), but also in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). It is the Israeli government’s executive arm in the OPT for water issues. In East Jerusalem and other parts of the occupied West Bank, Mekorot supplies water to the settlements. It also supplies a substantial share of the water consumed by Palestinians, who are prevented from developing their own water sector.

As a result, Mekorot is actively involved in conducting and maintaining the Israeli occupation. Below follows an overview of the main manifestations of this involvement.

Financing the Israeli Occupation: The Current Involvement of Israeli Banks in Israeli Settlement Activity

Who Profits' new flash report reveals that all the Israeli banks are still heavily involved in financing Israeli settlements, providing services to settlements and financially supporting construction projects on occupied land.

Made in Israel: Agricultural Export from Occupied Territories

The following Flash-report is an update on the major Israeli agriculture export companies presently operating in Occupied Territories.

Veolia's Involvement in the Occupied Jordan Valley – An Update

  • Confirmation from the Civil Administration - waste from within Israel is transferred to Veolia's site in the Jordan Valley
  • YARV Sherutei Noy 1985 – a subsidiary of Veolia has won a tender for waste collection services from IDF bases in the Jordan valley

The Cellular Companies and the Occupation

All Israeli cellular communication companies are commercially involved in the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Golan Heights. These companies build infrastructure, maintain property and equipment in illegal Israeli settlements, much of it on privately owned Palestinian lands. They all provide services to the Israeli military and to all Israeli settlers, and some provide specially designed services. They use the Israeli control of the Palestinian territory to exploit the Palestinian frequencies and to impose their services on the Palestinian captive market.

A Case Study: The Norwegian Government's Pension Fund

According to the Norwegian Government's Pension fund's guidelines the fund "should not make investments which constitute an unacceptable risk that the Fund may contribute to unethical acts or omissions, such as violations of fundamental humanitarian principles, serious violations of human rights, gross corruption or severe environmental damages." In 2008 the fund announced that it was going to initiate investments in the Israeli market. Examining the investments' portfolio of December 31st, 2008, we have discovered that almost two thirds of the 41 Israeli companies on the list, and an additional eleven international corporations, have significant economic interests in the continued Israeli occupation.

Privatizing Security – Corporate Involvement in the Checkpoints

Israeli military checkpoints are spread throughout the occupied West Bank, and they have a direct and devastating effect on the daily lives of Palestinians. This elaborate control system fragments families and communities, paralyzes the Palestinian production and trade and prevents a viable political existence. These impacts are well documented, yet the involvement of companies in the operation, equipment and maintenance of the checkpoints has not been awarded enough attention. 

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