Since the occupation of the Palestinian territories in 1967, Israel has used its military rule to the advantage of Israeli corporations and economic interests, many times to the detriment of the Palestinian economy under its control. All Palestinian imports and exports have been controlled, restricting the competition with Israeli producers, and making the Palestinian consumer market into a captive market for Israeli goods. Regulatory and effective restrictions were imposed on the development of businesses that could compete with Israeli industries, and all basic and utility services were routed through Israeli firms. The Paris accords' customs union continued the same decades-long policy imposed on the Palestinians.  Severe restrictions on movement of Palestinian labor and products inside the occupied territories and to neighboring areas have further increased the dependency of the Palestinian economy on Israeli companies as employers and retailers. The growing network of checkpoints and walls has all but destroyed Palestinian local production and the Palestinian labor bargaining power. Israeli companies have a relative high concentration of capital, freedom of movement and favorable legal conditions. When operating in the occupied territories they also enjoy special governmental support, access to cheap resources, tax incentives, and a very lax enforcement of labor laws and environmental protection laws. These advantages often result in the exploitation of Palestinian labor, Palestinian natural resources and the Palestinian consumer market. The Economic Exploitation section of the database is, in a way, the most important part of our mapping of occupation-related profits. However, this is also the section which is hardest to map. Almost all Israeli companies involved with the Palestinian economy gain direct or indirect advantages from the actions of the Israeli authorities or from the special conditions of the occupation, and thus exploit the Palestinian economy. Therefore, the companies that we list below serve only as examples of the different types of structural advantages of Israeli companies in the framework of the Israeli occupation.

Refu Elektronik
רפיו אלקטרוניק

A manufacturer and provider of hybrid power solutions.

Through its business unit REFUsol the company develops and sells solar inverters for Photovoltaic (PV) systems. 

Heaps of the company’s solar panels were documented in the solar field of Netiv Hagdud, an Israeli illegal settlement in the occupied Jordan Valley, during a 2016 Who Profits field tour. Upon completion, Netiv Hagdud solar field will produce 4 megawatts of electricity, enough to power about 600 Western-style Israeli homes. The field takes 50 Dunams of Palestinian land. 

Padcon
פדקון

A German manufacturer and supplier of solar energy equipment. Among its products are monitoring systems for PV power plants.

In June 2016, Who Profits documented PADCON’s electrical and software components in the Kalia solar field. The field is located in Kalia, an illegal Israeli settlement in the occupied Jordan Valley. Kalia’s solar field is built on 135,000 square meters of Palestinian land, all owned by Kibbutz Kalia.

The field is connected to the high-voltage power grid, generating 10.8 Mega. In the same year, PADCON was monitoring more than 200MW in Israel. 

Sphere Energy Systems
ספירה מערכות אנרגיה

A provider and installer of solar systems.

The company also provide its services to obtain official approvals for the construction of the Solar panel projects.   

The company installed dozens of roof top solar systems that generate electricity for the exclusive use of illegal settlements in both the occupied Palestinian West Bank and occupied Syrian Golan.

Enerpoint Israel
אינרפוינט

The company installs and supplies photovoltaic panels for solar energy production. In February 2011, the Italian-incorporated Enerpoint completed the acquisition of the Israeli company Friendly Energy and established its Israeli subsidiary, Enerpoint Israel.

In the past year, the relationship between Enerpoint and Enerpoint Israel changed. While keeping the name, Enerpoint Israel is no longer a subsidiary of Enerpoint. 

Enerpoint Israel
אינרפוינט ישראל

A subsidiary of the Italian company Enerpoint. The company Installs and supplies photovoltaic panels for solar energy production.

Together with Green is Us, the company invested more than $6 million in Netiv Hagdud Solar feild. Netiv Hagdud is located in the occupied Jordan Valley in the West Bank. On completion, the project will produce 4 megawatts of electricity, enough to power about 600 Western-style households of settlers, taking over 50 Dunams of Palestinian land.

Green is us
ירוק זה אנחנו

A manufacturer and supplier of solar systems.

In partnership with Enerpoint Israel, the company invested more than $6 million in Netiv Hagdud, a solar panel farm located in the Jordan valley, the occupied West Bank.

The Netiv Hagdud project produces 4 megawatts of electricity through 13,000 solar panels, enough to power about 600 homes. The project exploits 50 dunams of occupied Palestinian land. 

In addition, the company has installed its systems in Givat Yoav settlements in the occupied Syrian Golan.

 

Suntech
סאנטק

A global Chinese producer of Solar Panels. The company manufactures, develops and delivers solar energy products.

In June 2016, Who Profits documented Suntech’s solar panels in the Netiv Hagdud commercial solar field, in Netiv Hagdud settlement in the occupied Jordan Valley. Netiv Hagdud project is a joint venture of $6 million USD between Enerpoint Israel and “Green is us”, its electricity production reaches 4 MW and it is built over 50 Dunams of Palestinian land. 

Solaredge
סולאראדג'

A global provider of electronic optimizers, monitors and inverters for solar power systems, headquartered in Israel and publicly traded in the Nasdaq stock market.

The company’s solar systems were installed in the solar power project of the settlement of Shadmot Mehola, in northern part of the occupied Jordan Valley. The project started on April 2015, using 10 dunams of Palestinian land.

M.G.A. Energy Solutions
מ.ג.א. פתרונות אנרגיה בע"מ

Installs and establishes electricity power stations.

The company provided its services as an engineering and constructor at the Shadmot Mehola solar field. Shadmot Mehola is an Israeli settlement in northern part of the occupied Jordan Valley. The project started on April 2015, using 10 dunams of Palestinian land and generating 5 MW a year.

First Solar
פירסט סולר

A US-based global provider of solar based energy equipment. The company designs, manufactures and sells Photovoltaic (PV) solar modules. The company has three factories based in the USA, Malaysia and Vietnam. 

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