Shapir Civil and Marine Engineering is a civil engineering and construction company that operates numerous plants for construction materials. The company is a subsidiary of the Israeli public company Shapir Engineering and Industry, which was founded back in 1969 by the Shapira family: Hen, Israel, Harel and Gil Shapira. The company is exclusively engaged in the construction, development, and infrastructure of projects in several illegal settlements and is operating a number of plants for construction materials: it owns and operates cement plants and a stone quarry beyond the green line, thus exploiting Palestinian natural resources for the needs of the Israeli construction industry. The company’s latest and broad involvement in infrastructure of projects in the illegally occupied Palestinian territory will be presented in details in the coming section.