The world's third largest construction equipment manufacturer, which manufactures equipment used in the agricultural, construction and defense industries.

The company's tools are used in the construction of settlements, settlement industrial zones and infrastructure projects on occupied Palestinian and Syrian land. JCB loaders and excavators were used for the construction of housing projects in the West Bank settlements of Alfei Menashe, Oranit, Ma'ale Adumim and Tzufin; in the settlement neighborhood of Har Homa in East Jerusalem; and for the construction and expansion of the Kalia settlement's beach in the occupied Dead Sea area, and in the Barkan and Ariel West settlement industrial zones in the West Bank. In addition, JCB machinary is used for construction projects in the occupied Golan Heights. 

JCB machinery was also used in the construction of the A1 high-speed railway between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, which crosses the Green Line in two places, and during the construction of the Jerusalem Light Rail station in the settlement neighborhood of Pisgat Ze'ev. The models used for the construction of settlements are 3CX, 537 and JS 175W.

The company's engineering equipment also contributed to the construction of the wall and checkpoints. Track and wheel excavators and wheel loaders were documented during the construction of the wall near the Palestinian villages of Al-Walaja, Anata and Beit Jala and at the Qalandiya and Ofer checkpoints. The models used for these tasks are JS330, JS200, 537 and 3CX.

House demolitions were executed using the company's equipment is the Palestinian villages of Dkeika, Bir al-Eid, Lasefer and Umm Fagarah in the South Hebron Hills, in the East Jerusalem neighborhoods of Silwan and al-Suwaneh and in the Jordan Valley. The wheel loaders models used for these demolitions are 456e ZX and 3CX.

JCB supplies military engineering tools to the Israeli army, including its High Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE) and 1CX mini backhoe loader. The HMEE was developed in the United Kingdom for the American army and is currently manufactured by the company's factory in Pooler, Georgia, USA. The armored HMEE was modified according to the requirements of the Israeli army and sold to it through the American Foreign Military Sales program. The 1CX mini loader is used by the Israeli army for urban warfare in the occupied Palestinian territories.