Genie Energy is an American public company, comprised of two divisions: IDT Energy and Genie Oil and Gas (GOGAS).
GOGAS is a resource and technology development company which owns an Israeli subsidiary - Afek Oil and Gas (previously named Genie Israel Oil and Gas) .

In February 21st 2013, the oil council of the Israeli Ministry of Energy and Water has granted Genie Israel Oil and Gas a three years exclusive petroleum exploration license in the occupied Golan Heights. According to the company's press release published in February, the petroleum exploration license covers 396.5 square kilometres in the Southern part of the Golan Heights.

In February 2015, Afek Oil and Gas announced that it has finished the preparations on the ground and began drilling for oil in the south of the Golan (map).

Israel’s exploitation of occupied natural resources is a clear violation of article 55 of the Hague Regulations, among other provisions of International Humanitarian Law, the Geneva Convention and Customary International Law.