Cellcom Israel Antennas | Halamish Settlement | Apr 2009 | Photographed by Who Profits

The largest Israeli provider of cellular phone services. The company is publicly traded on both the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE:CEL) and the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange (TASE:CEL).

As of July 2017, the company has approximately 260 active antennas and telecommunication infrastructure facilities on occupied land in the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Golan Heights.

The company provides cellular, ISP, ILD, landline and ‘network end point’ services to Israeli settlements in Area C under a non-exclusive license from the Israeli Ministry of Communications. It also provides services to settlers and Israeli soldiers in the occupied territory through sales and customer service centers in the settlements of Ariel, Modi'in Illit and Beithar Illit and in occupied East Jerusalem.

Under Israeli law, the Prime Minister has the authority to order Cellcom to provide services to the army. Under the Israeli Equipment Registration and IDF Mobilization Law – 1987, the state can take the company’s facilities and equipment for the use of the army.

In 2012, Cellcom Israel won a Ministry of Defense tender to provide cellular services to the Israeli army for three years, with an option of extending the contract for up to 7 years. In 2014, the company and the Israeli army extended the contract to October 2017. The company created and maintains a portal for soldiers and their families on its website.

The company has agreements with the Beitar Illit settlement municipal council and with the Economic Development Company of the Efrat settlement. The Efrat Economic Development Company operated as an agent of telecommunication providers Cellcom and Pelephone, receiving a cut of the companies’ profits.

In 2009, a Cellcom sales center called “Results – Telemarketing Services” opened in the Beitar Illit settlement, employing ultra-orthodox Jewish settlers.

Additionally, the company enjoys the structural advantages of Israeli telecommunication operators over Palestinian competitors in the Palestinian market. Such advantages include bigger spectrum allotments (in 2015, Cellcom had a total spectrum of 40 MHz, more than 8 times that of the Palestinian cellular provider Jawwal) and the ability to offer 3G and 4G capabilities.

Click here to read the full report about the involvement of the Israeli cellular companies in the occupation.